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TOPIC: Badminston Farm and Badminston Common Storage Depots

Badminston Farm and Badminston Common Storage Depots 22 May 2018 07:33 #1

  • TimWhittle
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Having gone through the existing list of depots covered under this heading, I thought I would post about depots that I know something about that have not been (I think) covered.

Badmihston Farm and Badminston Common storage depots were both built by Esso near their Fawley refinery at the start of the war. They had both closed by the time I joined OPA in 1990, Badminston Farm had been demolished and sold in the 1980s, Badminston Farm was demolished soon after I joined OPA.

I wondered if anyone on the site knew anything about the sites? Below is the 1960s MoP description of the two.

BADMINSTON COMMON – FAWLEY

Situated about 2 miles south of Fawley refinery on Badminston Common. Surrounded on the south by forest, on the west by gorse and heather and facing Southampton water to the east.

The whole area is planted in grass.

Not connected to U.K.P. but connected to Fawley central oil pumphouse by a 10” main through Badminston Farm.

Road loading facilities are available. Surrounded by an un-climbable steel fence and an earth bund wall. For the storage of white oil products.

Tanks 7 tanks each 4,000 tons capacity, partially buried and mounded, planted in grass.

The tanks are interconnected by pipelines in an underground concrete tunnel running to an underground pumphouse.

1 – 30’ x 9’ slop tank.

Pumps Sited in an underground pumphouse, 2 pumps each with a capacity of 200 tons/hr for products, with slop pumps, drain pumps, road filling pumps and fans for ventilation. Electric drive.

Pipelines Main 10” product line to central pumphouse, Fawley refinery via Badminston Farm site, for receiving or delivering products.

Fire
Fighting 1 – 4” main from Water Company and 1 – 8” main from Mopley Pond to 32ft x 16ft static water tank, together with a trailer pump in a pumphouse.

Firefighting is handled by the Esso Fire Brigade which is situated within Fawley Refinery.

Road
Gantry A road loading gantry in a paved yard with 4 filling points.

Mains
Supply Electricity is supplied by the C.E.G.B. and a standby diesel electric set is available.

Offices The usual offices, stores, messroom etc. are on site.

This site is connected for sea, and in an emergency for rail or road distribution.

__________________________

Nominal Capacity - 28,000 tons

Constructed - 1940/41

Agents - Esso Petroleum Co. Ltd
Grid Reference - 180. SU/461019


BADMINSTON FARM – FAWLEY

Situated about one mile south-east of Fawley refinery and to the east of the village of Fawley on the shores of Southampton Water.

Not directly connected to U.K.P. Movement of products is through the Central Oil Pump House, Fawley Refinery for trans-shipment by sea, and in an emergency through the facilities, and co-operation of the Refinery, by pipeline, road and rail. Surrounded by an un-climbable fence.

For the storage of white products.

Tanks 9 tanks each of 4,000 tons capacity. Buried and mounded, the whole grass covered.

The tanks are interconnected with pipelines running in an underground tunnel, with branch lines to the individual tanks. The pipelines being connected to an underground pumphouse.

Pumps 2 pumps each of 360 tons/hr. capacity for outward loading and circulating, together with a blending and drain pump.

In a buried concrete pumphouse, earth covered, planted in grass.

A small sump pump is installed at the petrol interceptor and tidal flap.

Electric drive.

Pipelines 1 – main 10” and 1 x 12” line to central oil pumphouse (Fawley Refinery) for receiving or dispatching.

Fire
Fighting A 4” water main to a 120,000 gallon static water reservoir, through the fire pumphouse, thence by buried 6” fire main to strategically placed hydrants.

Fire fighting is handled by the Esso Refinery fire brigade.

Mains
Supply Electricity is supplied by the C.E.G.B. A standby diesel electric set is available.

Offices The usual offices etc. brick built, above ground are on site.

__________________________


Nominal Capacity - 36,000 tons

Constructed - 1939/40

Agents - Esso Petroleum Co. Ltd

Handed over from War - 21st January 1959
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Badminston Farm and Badminston Common Storage Depots 22 May 2018 09:06 #2

  • PETERTHEEATER
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Thanks Tim

What products did the term 'white oils'cover?

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Badminston Farm and Badminston Common Storage Depots 22 May 2018 12:17 #3

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Found the farm site, still searching the common.

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Badminston Farm and Badminston Common Storage Depots 23 May 2018 11:18 #4

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Peter

definition from my book

'The term used to cover a range of refined fuels such as gasoline, kerosene, gas oil or diesel. They are referred to as ‘white’ oils being clear.'

By the time I joined OPA, the GPSS only handled and stored white oils.

regards

Tim
Retired former chartered engineer with OPA, British Gas and Foxboro Yoxall. Author of 'Fuelling the Wars - PLUTO and the Secret Pipeline Network 1936 to 2015', of various papers.
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Badminston Farm and Badminston Common Storage Depots 24 May 2018 08:14 #5

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Most likely this was the Badminston Common site:

www.newforestheritage.org/pluto-fuel-storage-tanks/

Map courtesy of Old Map website at 2500 scale:

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Badminston Farm and Badminston Common Storage Depots 24 May 2018 13:20 #6

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I suspect you're probably correct as it does not appear on up to date sat images. I originally suspected it may have been a reservoir, (possible fire fighting?) due to its location in an elevated position.

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Badminston Farm and Badminston Common Storage Depots 24 May 2018 15:18 #7

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That site appears on a Luftwaffe aerial photo on the New Forest website (see link by PETERTHEEATER). As that photo is undated it doesn't help on dating the site. As most archived Luftwaffe aerials were from 1940/41 it may date from then but there are some from 1943 and even 1944 but not very many.
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Badminston Farm and Badminston Common Storage Depots 24 May 2018 18:11 #8

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According to the info I have and posted above, the two sites were constructed between 39 and 41.

Tim
Retired former chartered engineer with OPA, British Gas and Foxboro Yoxall. Author of 'Fuelling the Wars - PLUTO and the Secret Pipeline Network 1936 to 2015', of various papers.

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Badminston Farm and Badminston Common Storage Depots 01 Jun 2018 06:39 #9

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An undated description of the facilities

Description of Installation

Pipelines

Badminston Farm to Marine Terminal and Badminston Common

A 12” pipeline, mainly above ground, runs from the pumphouse at Badminston Farm to a position close to the C.O.P.H at Esso Fawley Refinery whence it continues as a 10” pipeline, mainly above ground, to the Esso Refinery Marine Terminal for coaster or tanker loading.

There is no direct connection between this pipeline and the refinery pipework. There is however provision on the pipeline so that this connection can be installed when required, in the vicinity of the new C.O.P.H.

From the Badminston Farm pumphouse there is a 10” pipeline to the Badminston Common installation.

Line clearance is carried out by pumping water through the pipelines from Badminston Farm or from the Marine Terminal, alternatively line displacement with product may be carried out. Slopping facilities (Esso) are available at the Esso Marine Terminal.

These pipelines are not under cathodic protection.

Storage Installations

Badminston Farm G.C.R

This installation is a storage and pumping installation only.

The pumphouse is of concrete construction semi-buried and mounded and houses two transfer pumps. Maximum pumping rate is 1,700 G.P.M per pump.

These pumps are for the following duties:

1) pumping direct to the Marine Terminal for coaster loading or to the Refinery

2) transfer between tanks

3) boosting receipts from the Marine Terminal to the suction of the Badminston Common G.C.R pumps.

4) boosting outward deliveries from Badminston Common G.C.R to the Marine Terminal.

All tanks are semi-buried and mounded and arranged in two groups, Nos. 1 to 6 and Nos. 7 to 9.

In the group of tanks Nos.1 to 6, the tanks are arranged in pairs Nos.1 and 2, 3 and 4, 5 and 6. The suction and delivery lines are common to each pair of tanks and run through the front tanks, Nos. 1, 4 and 5.

Access to tanks Nos. 1, 4 and 5 is by short access chambers leading off from a main access tunnel connecting to the pumphouse. The suction and delivery lines to all tanks run in this main access tunnel with all offtakes to tanks valved in the tunnel.

Between each pair of tanks Nos. 1 and 2, 3 and 4, 5 and 6, the suction and delivery lines run in a pipe tunnel, access to the tunnel being by vertical access shafts.

The main tank valves are located inside the tanks and operated by extended spindles from the tops of the tanks. In addition on tanks Nos. 2, 5 and 6 there is a valve on the suction and delivery lines on the outside of the tanks operable from the top of the tanks.

Tanks Nos. 7 to 9 are located on the other side of the main access tunnel. The suction and delivery lines to these tanks are buried between the main access tunnel and the tanks, the main tanks valves, which are located inside the tanks, having extended spindles so that they can be operated from above ground.

Access to the main tanks valves on tank Nos. 7,8 and 9 is by a vertical access shaft at each tank.

The product storage tankage (in spirit tons S.G. 0.74) is as follows: -

9 x 4000 ton tanks (Motor Spirit)

The whole of the tankage area is surrounded by an earth bund wall.

The road loading facilities at Badminston Common are primarily for the loading of one grade of product from the storage at Badminston Common. Product from the storage at Badminston Farm can however be road loaded by using the transfer pumps to pump to Badminston Common using the pumps at Badminston Common to booster the delivery to the road loading gantry, although the facilities do not provide adequate control or product segregation for this operation.

The buried pipelines on the installation are not cathodically protected.

There is a standby generator which is fully operational and of sufficient capacity to run all the equipment on the installation.
Retired former chartered engineer with OPA, British Gas and Foxboro Yoxall. Author of 'Fuelling the Wars - PLUTO and the Secret Pipeline Network 1936 to 2015', of various papers.
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