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TOPIC: Army Camps / Barracks Scotland

Army Camps / Barracks Scotland 11 Jul 2011 10:07 #1

  • Paul Francis
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Aberdeenshire

Aberdeen 1st Scottish General Hospital

Aberdeen, Bridge of Don / Gordon Barracks Used by Gordon Highlanders. Still in use

Aberdeen, Castlehill Barracks Built 1791–96 for 600 men. Depot of The Gordon Highlanders. Closed 1935 and demolished in 1965, replaced by council tower blocks

Aberdeen North & South Camps TF/TA Annual Camp

Aberdeen, Woolmanhill WWII Aberdeen Sub-Area HQ

Lynn Park, Maryculter WWII Army Camp occupied by Indian and Polish Forces

Turriff, Aberdeen WWII Army Camp once occupied by Seaforth Highlanders

Angus


Barry Buddon, Dundee Extensive camp since c.1850

Glamis Volunteer/TF Annual Camp (1912)

Argyllshire

Acharacle, Dorlin House WWII No.3 Combined Operations Training Camp, HMS Dorlin

Ardentinny WWII ‘Beach Party’ training camp (HMS Armadillo)

Clochkell ? WWII Combined Operations Training Camp

Dunoon, Castle Toward WWII No.2 Combined Training Centre, HMS Brontosaurus Ground force elements of HMS Dundonald

Glenborrodale WWII Combined Operations Camp

Glencripesdale WWII Combined Operations Camp

Inveraray Camps: Avenue, Castle, Chamois, Duke’s, HMS Quebec, Kilbride, Shira, & Town WWII Combined Operations Camps

Inverlochy Castle WWII Special Training School 38 (training Polish Special Forces)

Roshven WWII Combined Operations Training Camp

Strachur, Glenbranter WWII Combined Operations Camp HMS Pasco

Tighnabruaich, Glen Caladh WWII Naval Beach Training Establishment, HMS James Cook

Ayrshire

Auchengate (Troon), Gailes Camp WWII Combined Operations Camp for RN Beach Commandos, HMS Dundonald I. Combined Signals School, HMS Dundonald II

Ayr, South Park, Racecourse Road WWII Ayr Sub-Area HQ

Ayr (AAF-570) WWII US Army 18th Hospital Train

Ayr / Churchill Barracks Built 1795. Depot of The Royal Scots Fusiliers, Highland Light Infantry and Royal Highland Fusiliers. Renamed in 1942

Barassie WWII Army Camp Iron

Doonfoot Volunteer/TF Annual Camp

Largs, HMS Quebec II Combined Ops Centre, mainly administrative. HQ Hollywood Hotel

Largs, HMS Warren No.4 Combined Training Centre (RAF element in Vanduara Hotel)

Gailes Volunteer/TF Annual Camp

Loch Doon WWII Combined Operations Camp

Prestwick WWII US Army 6th Field Hospital (400 beds). 25th Hospital Train; 57th Field Hospital (400 beds)

Berwickshire

Berwick (Ravensdowne) Barracks
Built 1715-21. King's Own Scottish Borderers. Still in use, but part is a museum

Magdalene Fields Volunteer/TF Annual Camp. WWII used by King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry

Buteshire


Bute WWII Polish PoW Camp (interrogation of Polish soldiers prior to acceptance into Free Polish Forces units)

Dumbartonshire

Bendarroch, Gairlochhead WWII Combined Operations Camp

Churchill, Helensburgh WWII RASC Depot

Cardross WWII Army Camp

Dumgoyne TA Annual Camp (NS5283)

Dalmonach Barracks, Bonhill Formally the Dalmonach Turkey-Red Dye Works, founded at the end of the 18th Century. In 1942 the works became the Dalmarnock Barracks, housing an army training and Royal Artillery facility

Garnfield? Gairlochhead WWII Combined Operations Camp (possibly Greenfield)

Garnkirk WWII Army Camp

Roseneath WWII Amphibious Training Centre for RN and USN

Tullichewan Castle Camp, Balloch 1942–44 WRNS training base 1945–46 Holding base for Combined Operations personnel

Dumfriesshire


Hoddom Castle, Lockerbie WWII Army Camp

East Lothian


Aberlady / Longniddry Gosford House WWII 1st Regiment Motor Artillery Camp

Dunbar WWII Special Training School STS 54B

Dunbar, Castlepark Barracks WWII HQ of the 165th Officer Cadet Training Unit (OCTU)

Gosford House WWII Army Camp

Seton Park Post WWII TA Annual Camp (1959)

Fife

Crossford, Dunfermline TA Annual Camp (NT1087)

Newburgh FANY ATS Ambulance HQ

Pettycur, Kinghorn TF/TA Annual Camp

St Andrews WWII RAF 12 Initial Training Wing

Tulliallan Castle, Kincardine WWII Polish Army HQ

Forfar

Buddon, Carnoustie TF/TA Annual Camp

Kingoldrum, Kirriemuir WWII Tented Camp

Inverness-shire

Achnacarry WWII Royal Navy Camp

Arisaig House WWII SOE HQ and training facility

Ferry Brae, Beauly WWII Army Camp

Inverness, Cameron Barracks Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders Depot, built c.1886

Inverness, Iona Hotel ? Ness Walk WWII North Highland Area HQ

Lochailort, Inverailort Castle WWII Boat Officers School, HMS Lochailort, SOE HQ

Kinross-shire

Primross, Rosyth ? RN Camp

Kirkudbrightshire

Netherlaw, Kirkcudbright WWII Army Camp and Tank Training area from 1942

Lanarkshire


Carluke, Law Hospital WWII Military Hospital

Hamilton Barracks, Muir Street RHQ and Depot of the Cameronians Scottish Rifles. Military Hospital

Lanark, Winston Barracks Depot of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (NS904432)

Morayshire

Bogs O'Mayne, Elgin TF/TA Annual Camp

Cothill ? WWII Army Camp

Cullerne, Findhorn WWII D-Day LCT Landings Practice Camp

Pinefield, Elgin WWII Army Camp, known as Pinefield Barracks. Used post WWII

Midlothian

Bangour War Hospital, Broxburn, Edinburgh WWI & WWII Military Hospital

Crookston, Edinburgh (AAF number n/a) WWII HQ 448th AAA Automatic Weapons Aviation Battalion

Edinburgh, Dalkeith Road WWII FANY HQ from January 1943

Edinburgh, Craig Leith WWI 2nd Scottish General Hospital. Now Western General Hospital

Edinburgh, Craigiehall, Cramond WWII RA and R Sigs camps. Post WWII Scottish Command HQ

Edinburgh WWII 3 AA Division HQ

Edinburgh 20 George Street WWII Edinburgh Area HQ. Now Hard Rock Café

Edinburgh Barracks: Dreghorn, New, North, Redford Dreghorn built in Dreghorn Castle estate. New Barracks is in Edinburgh Castle
Redford Barracks, Colinton, built 1908–15

Fairmilehead, Edinburgh WWII Army Camp

Glencorse (Greenlaw) Barracks, Milton Bridge Penicuik Built c.1803. Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) Expanded site is now HQ Army Training Regiment

Liberton, Alnwick Road WWII HQ 52nd Searchlight Regiment and Camp

Newbattle Abbey, Dalkeith WWII RAMC and ATS Camp. Army Formation College No.1 from 1945–49

Portobello, Piershill Cavalry Barracks Built c.1795. In use until 1934. Since demolished

Portobello, Marine Gardens, 'Woodville' 14 Abercorn Terrace WWI RFC No.9 Stores Distributing Park, also used Chocolate Factory and Skating Rink

Redford, Edinburgh WWI Army Camp

Riccarton House, Edinburgh WWII HQ, Scottish Command. Post WWII resettlement camp for ex-PoWs. 1947–54 HQ Royal Artillery 3rd AA Group. Demolished 1956

West Pilton, Edinburgh WWII Army Ammunition Store & Camp. 519 Regiment, RA formed at West Pilton in 1947

Nairn

Fort George Volunteer/TF Annual Camp Fort completed c.1769 (NH762567) Formerly Seaforth Highlanders Depot

Orkney

Orkney, Stromness Hotel WWII Orkney Defences HQ

Howton, Orphir WWII Army Camp

Scapa Pier WWII RN Camp

Perthshire

Cultybraggan, Comrie TF/TA Annual Camp, later PoW camp, currently training area

Doune WWII Camp for Defence of N Scotland

Dupplin Polish Military Hospital

Perth, Craigie WWII South Highland Area HQ

Perth, Balhousie Castle HQ of the Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment)

Perth, Balthayock WWII FANY ATS HQ Scotland

Taymouth Castle Polish Military Hospital

Queen's Barracks, Perth Depot of the Black Watch until 1960. Since demolished

Renfrewshire

Bellahouston Park, Glasgow WWII Army Camp

Cloch Point by Gourock WWII Clyde Coast Defences

Crookston, Area 'O' WWII US Army Camp, 49th Hospital Train, 62nd & 63rd Field Hospital, 50th General Hospital, 30th Medical Depot, 29th Ordnance Bomb Disposal Squadron

Fort Matilda WWI Built c.1819 - now demolished

Glasgow WWI 3rd and 4th Scottish General Hospital

Glasgow Barracks: Maryhill, Walcheren Maryhill built 1872 Scots Greys & Highland Light Infantry, demolished 1960, Walcheren, located in Maryhill, opened 1985

Glasgow, 12 Park Terrace WWII Glasgow Area HQ

Glasgow, 5 Park Terrace
WWII Glasgow & Clyde Sub-Area HQ

Glasgow, Cowglen WWII US Army 5th Hospital Train, 23rd Hospital Train, 50th General Hospital (1,500 beds)

Glasgow 'Hotspur'
WWII US Army, 7th Port; 14th Port, 15th Postal Regional Section

Greenock WWII RN Torpedo Factory

Gourock WWII US Army Camp, 11th Ship Hospital

Hawkhead, Paisley WWII Army Camp

Ingliston, Bishopton WWII Camp associated with Royal Ordnance Factory Bishopton

Kirklee, Glasgow WWII Camp

Linwood WWII Army Camp

Moncrieff House HQ Polish Forces Scotland

Pollok Golf Club, Glasgow ? WWII US Military Hospital

Shawfield, Glasgow WWII Army Camp

Ross & Cromarty

Achnasheen, Ledgowan Lodge WWII Combined Operations Training Area

Aultguish, Garve WWII Combined Operations Camp

Beauly ? WWII US 8th Air Force FSC ?

Cromarty WWI Military Hospital, 226 beds, hutted

Invergordon Dockyard WWII RN Camp

Roxburghshire

Acre Knowe, Kirkton WWII Army Camp

Bairns, Hawick ? Volunteer/TF Annual Camp

Jedburgh WWII Station 53C (operational), manned by US & FANY personnel

Melrose, Priorwood House WWII Border Sub-Area HQ

Stobs, Hawick WWI & WWII Army Camp

Winningtonrig, Hawick WWI Army Camp

Shetland

Lerwick WWII Shetland Defences HQ

Stirlingshire

Polmaise TA Annual Camp

Stirling Castle Barracks from 1800 to 1964 HQ of Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders,

Townfoot? Volunteer/TF Annual Camp possibly near Drymen

Sutherland

Lairg WWII Army Camp

West Lothian

Bo’ness HMS Stopford Major landing craft base. Possible Passive defence and balloon school

Kinnaird House, Larbert, Falkirk HQ Polish Forces in Scotland

Linlithgow FANY ATS Ambulance HQ

Wigtownshire

Aird, Stranraer Army Transit Camp for US Army units arriving at Stranraer

Burrowhead, Newton Stewart TA Annual Camp (1938). WWII AA Training Camp

Innermessan, Cairnryan WWII Military Railway camp

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Army Camps / Barracks Scotland 01 May 2012 10:12 #2

  • Jenna
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norwichpaul can you let me know where you get the reference below from please.....

"Inverlochy Castle WWII Special Training School 38 (training Polish Special Forces)"

The listing as STS38 is interesting me!

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Army Camps / Barracks Scotland 01 May 2012 16:13 #3

  • Paul Francis
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Sorry Jenna I am embarrased to say that particular reference was off the web and I have no idea.

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You can tell a builder from an archaeologist by the size of his trowel. Mine is a small one!

Army Camps / Barracks Scotland 01 May 2012 21:03 #4

  • Jenna
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lol, nowt wrong with that its just had me a little foxed as I have a document that lists it as STS46.... looks like a bit more digging is required, back to the books! :roll:

(before any points outs a lot of places credit Chichley Hall as STS46, that's true but it was only for just 1 year between '42 &'43....)

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Army Camps / Barracks Scotland 06 Jul 2012 21:41 #5

  • mbriscoe
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Jenna;102226 wrote: norwichpaul can you let me know where you get the reference below from please.....

"Inverlochy Castle WWII Special Training School 38 (training Polish Special Forces)"

The listing as STS38 is interesting me!


Inverlochy Castle is described as a guerilla warfare school and the "Allied Wing" of the Special Training Centre. It is said to have never been directly under SOE command. It all gets very complicated! The best source is Stuart Allan's book Commando Country which covers the whole history of the special forces, SOE, Commando etc from the early days at Inverailort (which was not SOE).

Another excellent source on the various SOE places around Ariisaig is "Para-Military Training in Scotland During World War 2" by David M Harrison. This has the most comprehensive history of Inverlair from the person who set it up.

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